Routine HIV Testing is a form of provider initiated testing and counseling, where health care providers offer and perform HIV testing and counseling to all patients/clients in health facilities. In RHT HIV testing is an integral part of the clinical services provided at the health facilities or is part of the services of other organizations providing health-related services.
As part of the normal standard of care, RHT services will be offered irrespective of whether or not the patient or client has signs and symptoms of underlying HIV infection or has other reasons for presenting to the facility.Remember RHT is not compulsory or coercive testing and requires informed verbal consent. RHT approach is consistent with the WHO policy developed in 2003-“WHO/UNAIDS policy statement on HIV testing as well as the 2007 “WHO/UNAIDS Guidance on Provider-Initiated HIV Testing and Counseling in Health Facilities”.
Health care workers should recommend and deliver Routine HIV testing to the following:
All clients or patients aged 16 years and above visiting health facilities. For patients below 16 years, health workers should obtain parental/guardian consent Knowing one’s HIV status makes it easy for one to access prevention, treatment, care and support services on time and this helps to prolong his/her life.